Análisis de variables psicológicas asociadas a la salud y productividad en la universidad

Pablo Ruisoto, Silvia Libertad Vaca, Marco A. Jiménez, Rocío Ramírez, Jhon Espinosa

Resumen


El consumo de sustancias adictivas y los problemas de ansiedad y depresión constituyen algunos de las complicaciones de la salud más frecuentes en la población, con serios costes para su bienestar y la productividad de la comunidad o institución a la que pertenecen. Se presenta un proyecto dirigido a analizar la distribución del estrés percibido y variables que modulan su impacto sobre la salud de la comunidad universitaria, incluyendo inflexibilidad psicológica y compromiso vital, predictores de bienestar psicológico. Se seleccionaron variables y escalas breves y adecuadas psicométricamente para la evaluación online anónima de profesores, estudiantes y personal de administración y servicios. Las variables seleccionadas fueron: estrés psicológico y variables mediadoras de su impacto sobre el consumo de sustancias y la salud: apoyo social, personalidad y estilos de afrontamiento. Los indicadores criterio de salud fueron: niveles de ansiedad y depresión, consumo de sustancias y satisfacción vital y laboral. El proyecto permitirá obtener perfiles que reflejen la distribución de las variables analizadas en la comunidad universitaria. Se discuten las implicaciones de los resultados esperados en el diseño y priorización de intervenciones dirigidas a la promoción de la salud, bienestar y productividad de la comunidad universitaria.

Palabras clave


Estrés; salud; consumo de sustancias; ansiedad; depresión; inflexibilidad psicológica; compromiso vital; comunidad universitaria.

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Referencias


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FIGURA 1: Representación gráfica de los aspectos metodológicos básicos: segmentos de la comunidad universitara a incluir en lamuestra, selección de variables variables clave a: estrés, variables mediadoras e indicadores de salud; y escalas para la obtención de indicadores cuantitativos.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23878/alternativas.v16i1.46

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