La estimación de la capacidad emprendedora en países de América Latina y el Caribe

Teodoro Reyes Fong, José Luis Esparza Aguilar, Martín Álvarez Ochoa, Sergio Felipe López Jiménez

Resumen


Este trabajo estima la capacidad emprendedora de algunos países de América Latina y el Caribe a partir de la obtención de sus índices de productividad, para conocer cuáles son los factores determinantes en el emprendimiento. Se estimaron los Índices de Productividad de Malmquist, y para ello, se utilizó el Análisis Envolvente de Datos con rendimientos variables y orientación output; las variables empleadas fueron: la intención emprendedora, la tasa de actividad emprendedora, las oportunidades percibidas, las capacidades percibidas y la tasa de miedo al fracaso; las cuales se obtuvieron de la información del Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Los resultados revelan que la intención y la actividad emprendedora depende principalmente de las oportunidades y las capacidades percibidas, así como de la tasa de miedo al fracaso; por lo que, se evidencia que los países que tienen una mayor capacidad emprendedora, desarrollan mayores acciones de innovación, y por lo tanto obtienen una mayor ventaja competitiva.

Palabras clave


Innovación; Emprendimiento; Actitudes Emprendedoras; Índice de Malmquist.

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Revista Empresarial, 2019 13 (1), 4 - 12




DOI: https://doi.org/10.23878/empr.v13i1.145